Joint Replacement Surgery
During a joint replacement operation (also called arthroplasty) some, or all, of a damaged or diseased joint is replaced with an artificial one. It is usually done when a joint has become very painful, is impacting a patient’s sleep, causing disability, and can no longer be managed with non-surgical treatments.
Hip Replacement: The hip is a ball and socket joint lined by cartilage. With advancing age or injury the cartilage may wear, exposing the underlying bone and causing pain and stiffness. A hip replacement involves removal of the affected joint and insertion of an artificial joint replacement. The components are either fixed in place biologically or with a special bone cement. Ramez performs cemented and uncemmented hip replacements through either a Direct Anterior or Posterior approach.
Knee Replacement: The knee is a complex hinge joint that allows the knee to bend, straighten and slightly rotate. The knee is made up of three compartments. Two compartments exist between the thigh bone(femur) and the shin bone (tibia). The other compartment is between the knee cap (patella) and the thigh bone. Despite being the largest joint in the human body, the extreme forces put through the knee make it at risk of injury and degeneration. It can be performed as a total knee replacement, where all compartments are replaced or a partial knee replacement where only the worn compartment is replaced. Ramez performs both partial and total knee replacements and uses a computer navigated approach.